Patients with COPD are at risk of weight loss and nutritional deficiencies, and a reduction in body mass index (BMI) is an independent risk factor for mortality in such patients. Increased calorie intake is best accompanied by exercise regimes that have a non-specific anabolic action. 

Patients with poorer nutritional status have a worse prognosis, so it is prudent to recommend a balanced diet with adequate caloric intake in conjunction with exercise to prevent or reverse malnutrition and muscle atrophy.


  1. Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD): Global Strategy for the Diagnosis, Management, and Prevention of COPD. 2013.

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